Sunday, July 1, 2012

Millennium development goals


in this twenty-first century, a majority of the topics discussed widely throughout the earth is Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In September 2000, the collection at the United Nations Millennium peak, world leaders agreed to an amazing document, the Millennium Declaration. It was a historic achievement, not only for the breadth of the statement relates, or his frank assessment of the development issue, but because he committed the global community for a solid program for the development and specific person. Rather than simply agree that development should continue the length of much the same lines as before, or to justify extensive improvements, the statement demanded that the world has set its sights higher and try to eight specific objectives , most of which were reached by 2015 and for which there are 48 hours, usually numerical indicators. Which later came to be known as the Millennium Development Goals are?

1) Eradicate extreme poverty and acute hunger
2) Achieve universal primary education Total
3) Promote gender equality and empower women
4) Reducing adolescent mortality
5) Improving the health hot
6) the battle against HIV / AIDS, malaria and other diseases
7) Ensure environmental sustainability
8) Develop a global development

The eight goals to stand for a partnership between the country developed and developing countries in developing a strong mindset, as was the Millennium Declaration, "to create an environment at national and global levels alike, which is conducive to development and 'eradication of poverty ". Support for communication at the state level includes close consultation by UNDP with members of the UN Development Group, other members of the United Nations, the World Bank, OECD and the INF and local associations and experts. The United Nations Department of Economic and business community is coordinating reporting on progress towards the target at the global level.
Improvements: of several, the performance of Bangladesh was well again after the initial forecasts that the country is political independence. The main theme was lonely at the time of negative images. The accounts of progress in getting the country, but shows rapid improvements in lots of indicators.
First, Bangladesh has achieved impressive triumph in the control of the inhabitants. Rate of total wealth (TFR) fell from 6.3 in 1975 to 3.3 in 1997-99. Consequently, the rate of population growth fell from 2.9 per cent per annum in the mid-seventies to 1.5 percent in the late nineties. The remarkable feature of this rapid decline was that had been achieved not only at a low level of income, but also at a low level of literacy.
Second, humanity is often regarded as the criterion to judge the economic success and failure of the nation. Bangladesh has shown a remarkable triumph in that sense, especially in a child falls and infant mortality. The rate of infant humanity fell from 153 000 deaths-head in live birth in 1975 to 94 deaths in 1990, declining more than 66 in 2000. The pace of progress in infant and ender-five mortality decreased through the nineties was among the best ever in the developing world.

Third, Bangladesh witnessed significant result in the preparation and overcoming the phenomena of hunger and the threat of the syndrome cluster of famine conditions prevailing vulnerability to natural disasters. Collectively, the country has almost reached the goal of appealing self-sufficiency in rice production with a refined area in decline. Cereal production has increased at a trend rate of growth of 2.4 percent per year accompanied by the early eighties and late nineties. This was mainly achieved from side to side the expansion of rice areas under high-yielding varieties (HYVS). Although the general problem of food security remains a decade after it challenge, rose to ruin the preparation, combined with expanded capabilities include played a key role in ensuring the minimum rights in islam of food for the poor during times of disaster.
Fourth, Bangladesh has with impressive gains in reducing child malnutrition rates over the past 15 years. According to the Agency of Statistics Bangladesh (BBC) data, the rate of slowing growth for brood in the age group 6-71 months, which was 69 percent in 1985/86 fell to 49 percent in 2000.
Fifth, Bangladesh has achieved notable success in integrating women into the development path. Women in Bangladesh have played an important role in the success of micro-credit, exports of clothing on hand, reducing escalation of the population, increasing child nutrition, and to extend primary education. Recent evidence also suggests that the country is close to achieving gender equality in life expectancy at birth of labor, as well.

Sixth, low-income country has generally been characterized not only by weak, but weak and civil agreements and grass-roots and activism. Bangladesh has been an outlier helpful in this regard. The advance made by NGOs and civil society organizations such as the free alternative mechanisms as well as verbal civic institutions have played a significant role in U-turn of fortunes. The appearance of these actors played a partially compensatory position in a context of weak state institutions and markets. Social entrepreneurship across catalyze the development roles of the private organizations such as community-based organizations (CBOS) and the organizations intended for the poor (NGOs and CSOs) has been a significant strategic continue to play an important role development of a pro-poor development program in Bangladesh.

Seventh, Bangladesh has made significant progress towards a viable what is democracy transition. Ensuring free and fair elections, through non-partisan Government concierge was a significant policy innovation in a context of democratic institutions in the country pathetic. There has also been important gains in terms of increased participation of women and electoral politics, freedom and civic organizations pushing increasingly more active. Although the process of democratization has yet to take deeper roots, the success achieved so far is not insignificant that requires a lot of observers to term Bangladesh as a knowledge model of Muslim democracy flattering.

Perspectives: Improving the Bangladesh stands out even in comparisons between countries. This supports the scheme that the highest human expansion social outcomes can be achieved even at a lower rank of national income per capita. Performance was relatively mild enlargement of Bangladesh with a growth of GDP per capita relative to the 2 per cent per annum. The presentation of growth began to improve only in the nineties. Similarly, the speed of income-poverty decrease was very slow. During the period supported by the early eighties and early nineties, the presence of income-poverty declined by 0.8 per cent in Pakistan and 3.6-to-head in Srilanka.

Although income growth slow and modest rate of decline in income poverty, the results of Bangladeshis in the vast field of individual development were faster and, in many respects, remarkable, although the level of shared hardship in Bangladesh is still high, the pace of improvement has to be encouraging. Indeed, the pace of development in reducing TFR, lowering the level of under-five mortality, and lowering the presence of child malnutrition is not only higher than the average record of progress in less developed countries, but also stands out against the general background South Asia.

This strategy: social progress rather high to a low level of income is also claimed by the contrast of predicted (for a given level of income per capita) with the actual values ​​of the indicators achieved by the country. Comparison with the predicted values, lower the rate of expansion of the healthy population as TFR and CBR, higher for life expectancy to infant immunization coverage, and lower IMR. While there has been substantial progress on the expansion of literacy, the pace is to be accelerated.

Bangladesh has isolated of the most vulnerable economies, characterized by very high density of people, low resource base and high incidence of disasters provided. These have negative implications for long-term savings, assets and growth. This definition of the skin gives some uniqueness to the formulation of the strategy to reduce shortages.

This project addresses three fundamental tasks the nation:
The first emphasis on the need for consolidation to avoid the trap of development experience in the past (the task of sustaining the gains optimistic).
The second refers to the constraints of avoiding the pitfalls of development experiences of history (the task of overcoming the negative tendencies).
The third notice refers to the new challenges that the state faces in the context of globalization, as well as new evils that arise from the current phase of internal development (the task of addressing the challenges the original).

The success of the reduction of poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) would depend on the degree to which the three tasks are addressed in the next decade.
initial conditions. This would be especially important in the context of overcoming the persistent economic gloom and despair Afro-pessimism is a case in point, which is often is often cited in relation to disadvantaged parts of the world newborn.

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