Politics in Bangladesh
There is a close relationship between the following culture of a society and development of democracy in it. Democracy, as a scheme of government, is greatly exaggerated by the cultural environment keen on which it is introduced. Robert D. Putnam discusses four features of the civic political culture of regions in which democratic administration worked well.
1. civic engagement, the prospect that individuals and groups are living to the interest of others;
2. A high degree of following equality, defined as a social background in which horizontal relations of reciprocity and collaboration predominate over vertical relationships of power and dependence.
3. High level of solidarity, faith and tolerance enabling people to cooperate with different others for the sake of rising public goods.
4. Dense and overlapping associational being developing the skill of cooperation and habit of communal responsibility. So, a democratic political science culture involves-
(I) Mutual trust in the middle of the citizens and an included national political identity;
(II) A sense of national pride in the following system;
(III) A felling of free political message;
(IV) Partisan approach, not indifference;
(V) Existence of participatory attitude and perceived ability to participate;
(VI) Peoples confidence in administration and political institutions; and
(VII) Homogeneity and plurality of civilization.
In light with the above mention criteria of the democratic/civic following culture, the basic characteristics or skin of the political culture of Bangladesh may be outline as under:
A. Distrust and disintegration: mutual trust involves the extent to which member of a political scheme have trust and confidence on their man political actor. In Bangladesh, politicians lack mutual faith and thus the party in authority is always unwilling and mined it insecure to twist over governmental authority to their opponents. Thus, there as always a crowd of tension and frustration in the middle of the politicians. Our politicians lack the faith in the fundamental trustworthiness of persons involved in politics and an intelligence of belongingness in the similar political group of people which result into fragmentation and disunity. Thus, peaceful competition and alteration of power contain been replace by agitation, boycott of determination, vote rigging etc.
B. Restricted political communication: the contribution of ordinary people in democratic following requires that they have to have the feelings that it is safe to do so. For this, there be supposed to have a unrestricted communication procedure which involve—
1. a free push media;
2. interest groups free from lawmaking and party control;
3. regular, free plus fair electrons;
4. Effectual law and order situation.
C. Lack of partisan feelings: democratic devotion implies partisan feelings, and not indifference. It implies that community must have convictions and a feeling about the apt cause of political artisanship is very unreceptive which jeopardizes the keenness to accept the friendliness. Thus, partisanship results into recurrent intra-party and inter-party clashes.
D. Lack of participatory belief and capacity to participate: a democratic political civilization should consist of a set of beliefs, attitude, norms, and perceptions and like that support contribution. In Bangladesh, the norms of participation are not extensive is not effective. Even most is acquainted with that they ought to contribute only to vote in election. Particularly, the political culture of rural ample may be termed as parochial.
E. Lack of people’s confidence in government: People’s self-assurance in government and following institutions is a significant criterion of developed democracy. Here, popular support and confidence may be centered approximately three areas : disillusionment—
1. with politicians;
2. with following parties; and
3. With political institution.
In Bangladesh the level of people’s confidence in administration, politicians, affectivity of policies and other following administrative and political institution and services is very low. Politicians and administrator are so corrupted that natives always try to refrain themselves from any treaty as well as intimation with them.
F. National pride: nationwide pride is an important constituent of political culture which unites individuals and makes patriots. The people of Bangladesh feel arrogant of their national flag and nationwide anthem. They also have huge respect for their Bengali language and people.