Monday, May 28, 2012

electronic government


E-Government



Introduction: Information Technology (IT) is the new most talked about topic around the world. Information technology has his magic touch most of the natural sciences, social and time. Every obedience of knowledge and technology is trying its best to avail the highest benefit from this magical instrument to develop. Government and administration in different countries of the world are also under this magical spell of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). The use of the internet before now is beginning to change the way government operates in response to the mandates of incorporation, such as improving the range of waste, streamline operations and to provide more achievable public access to information. Bangladesh also connected to this IT race in 1964 with the installation on the IBM computer at the Atomic Power Commission. Later computers became popular with financial institutions and the press and the introduction of home computers (PC) in early 1990. In contrast, the use of information technology in the process of government and administration is negligible to date.

The concept of E-government: E-government or resources of the electronic government delivery of public services and information to the public through electronic methods, such as the Wide Area Network, Internet and mobile computing. This method can serve a variety of different purposes, better delivery of public services to citizens, improved offenses with business and industry, citizen empowerment in access to information for a more efficient government. The advantage that results can be less corruption, increased transparency, greater convenience, the growth proceeds and / or cost reduction. In other words, the use of IT in government facilitates an efficient, fast and transparent dissemination of information to the public and others and to perform administrative tasks of the government.

Worldwide, the government is increasingly using sequential and internet technology to provide services between the public and citizens, businesses and other government agencies. From the essential elements of a country to different types of forms / documents can be found in a government website now limited as well as international visitors are always benefited from this. Some government websites allow citizens to access government documents, periodicals, the duty to file, reserve accommodation, paying bills, ordering vital records and renew licenses and permits from any location with an internet connection. Tourists can also get the necessary information, as it is, the reserve requirements for hotels, bus / train / plane schedules, ticket reservations, maps, etc. from web sites. Some government websites that allow visitors to print the visa from the sites and always allow the submission of the form seen online.

So, there are already cryptogram that e-government is transforming organizations, breaking down organizational boundaries and until further access to information, improving communication and facilitate independent processes.

Phases of E-government: United Nations / ASPA global survey recognized five categories to determine a country's e-government progress. According to the categories identified, the company's internet may vary from a country with some promising websites fully integrated autonomous ministry or organization in which a country provides all military specifications through an online gateway to Ingle. The technology allows the progression of being fast, dynamic and not necessarily an individual order. Since that e-government is driven by new technologies, its process is continuous, transforming everyday. There is no pre-set development and time-line or line-shelf. The categories are.

Emerging Web Presence: A country can have a solitaire or some official sites of national governments that provide information to the stationary member and serve as tools of public relations.
-Enhanced Web presence: the number of government Web pages to improve the information becomes more dynamic with users who have more options for access to information.
-Interactive web presence: a fairer exchange between the user and a provider of repair of government takes place, ie the forms can be downloaded; applications submitted online.
-Transactional Web Presence: Users can easily access the services with priority according to their needs, on-line transactions of formal behaviors, such as paying taxes, the amount recorded.
Completely web-presence: The absolute integration of all public services online through a single portal shop.
E-government in Bangladesh: Considering this condition generally, in Bangladesh, no one can deny that there is a culture of information being developed in Bangladesh. It is also seen that the government project in the IT department is far behind the private entrepreneurs. Bangladesh has only one government official homepage / website (http://www.bangladeshgov.org), which can not be considered fully in any industry to adjust and some official pages / web sites of various government agencies, such as office Comptroller and Auditor General (www.cagbd.org), Ministry of the support (www.gobfinance.org), Bangladesh Bank (www.bangladesh-bank.org), National Board of Revenue (www.nbr-bd-org), which only provide static information to the user. Unfortunately, the going rate on-line by various government agencies is not more than ten percent.

There are no documented IT cell, these agencies to monitor the sites yet. There is also no attempt to update existing websites, with up-to-date information regularly. Almost all websites have outdated information, giving a negative impression of the country. It is safer not to ask any questions about standards for the design of these websites. So far no websites are far better than that of Bangladesh ministries.

Communications with the public and the system continues to depend on the telephone and fax. There is almost all electronic communications in effective government offices. Among the progressive authorities within the government, the National Board of Revenue (NBR), conceptually very advanced in those other. It has undertaken a program to connect customhouses through a system of networking online.

Framing the situation in Bangladesh, with the phases of e-government UN / ASPA global survey it is clear that Bangladesh is still in the first phase of web presence promising. According to this stage, a country can have only one or a few sites official national program offering static information to the user and serve as instruments of public affairs.
Recommendation: The long description of the creation of Bangladesh in the IT industry and the different types of problems, it is clear that Bangladesh has much to do to develop its IT industry capable of ensuring the progress of Bangladesh in the next phase of E- government. Therefore, the following recommendations can be taken into account to prepare for the next phase of e-government.

one. National IT Policy: Bangladesh should adopt a national IT policy. Under the EN
Political will should be a 10 year action plan to share some goals such as building infrastructure in the country, creating a national database, increase the export of software from a specific number, etc.

Bangladesh Computer Council (BCC), have delivered a national policy for IT project for the government but for some mysterious reason has not been done yet in the past even though the government has declared IT as a thrust sector. Federation of Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FBCCI) the main body of the private sector, has already drawn up an action plan for a long ten years for the IT industry. Bangladesh Computer Samity, ISP Association of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Software Exporters Association and not a government agency Bangle-Tech is preparing a draft IT policy of Bangladesh.
b. EN: To achieve sustainable growth in the IT industry and compete in the expanding global IT market, the government of Bangladesh should develop the infrastructure strengthening buy computer Bangladesh Council (BCC), Ministry of Science, Information & Communication Technology and reorganize the role of BTTB. Government must move from the role of BTTB service provider infrastructure providers.
First, BTTB should complete the task of providing Internet service to all district headquarters as soon as possible. Ongoing process of computerization and networking in all government agencies should be done as soon as possible. Then each division Government ministries, departments, organizations and all district headquarters, Upazilla headquarters and the headquarters of the Union should be networked to the National Center for use of data in the shortest possible time.
Secondly, the entire ministry, decisions, government agencies and semi-government organizations should establish ID websites where all policies and information relevant to the community must be regularly and efficiently laid low. The government should implement common IT system to provide broad national coverage and access files from any citizen to the government and administrative system that can be irrational to extend public armed forces to the most remote corners. Official website of Bangladesh should be the homepage of all the information and links related to various ministries.(to know about caretaker government)
Thirdly, a special programmer should be used to repair Internet educational institutions and libraries at a subsidized rate. Latest these libraries can be put under a solitary network so that a citizen can access any library anywhere.
Fourth, cyber café should be established in all post offices, Union complex and complicated Upazilla to offer and guarantee admission to public information. These coffees later can 'be the set to introduce e-government.
Fifth, the government should also create a joint venture IT Parks. Park software with advanced communication services made with the cooperation of distant and non-resident companies in Bangladesh.

c. development of IT professionals for the development of IT professionals as a result of the measures should be taken:
First, the dramatic events of the government should be taken to support standard for IT training and education in the country. As the University Grant Commission (UGC) and the National Curriculum and Textbook Board (NCTB). There may be a body to oversee the curriculum and the establishment and coming up with a National Curriculum Integrated IT for Bangladesh.
Secondly, the government must take appropriate measures to attract talented students to take IT education. Unlike the type of grants / scholarships / assistantships may be offered to students. Government can offer unusual IT Education Loan for students too. Government can egg on the private sector for this.
d. The laws related to IT: We should have a legal framework to take care of the interests of IT professionals, private entrepreneurs, and customers either computer. Thus, the government must come forward and begin the legal framework to provide guidelines, principles, systems and legislation to promote e-business.( to know about Women rights)
and. IT Commission / Division: The need for an IT committee felt very bad human being. Because the mali computer technology are so that only a person learned to recognize the trend of the requirements and to the stress of the IT infrastructure.
Conclusion: Bangladesh as a developing country with a good impression of promising young people, has proven its value in the field of IT. Today our youth are competing in the international stadium in the IT industry with energy and confidence. However, to e-government, Bangladesh has to go a long way. The personal sector has a little 'more than sufficient to demonstrate this promising division. Again it all depends on the role of government. The government must choose which way to go. To add in terms of efficiency, effectiveness, and organizational performance through the introduction of e-government or to the century old administration in corruption, red tapism, dissatisfaction, nepotism, the option is for governments.(to know about Hartal In bangladesh)

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